Reason #66: (Janazah-Post 1) – Nass is all that matters
The Janazah Mubarak of Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin RA
Post 1 – Nass is all that matters
A Dai’s greatest responsibility is finding, preparing and appointing, through nass and tawqeef, the Dai that will take his place. This individual is like him in all ways and has all the attributes and qualities required to lead the Dawat. He is guided by the ilhaam of Allah Ta’ala and his wali and therefore everything he does is right and haqq. For those that are willing to see, it is obvious beyond any doubt that Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin RA had appointed Syedna Mufaddal Saifuddin TUS as his mansoos and the 53rd Dai through nass and tawqeef. Syedna Mufaddal Saifuddin TUS is his heir and successor, and like him, as Dai today, every action and statement of his contains wisdom and hikmat. It is nass that establishes the righteousness of the Dai’s actions, and not vice versa. It is the presence of this nass and tawqeef that informs us that all of his actions are a result of the ilhaam he receives.
The importance in attending a Mumin’s Janazah
Attending the janazah of a Mumin holds great thawaab and reward (Husain Qutbuddin continues to remind us; let us give some bayaans that he does not refer to). Participating in tajheez and takfeen (the preparation of the body for burial), carrying the janazah, partaking in the janazah namaz, and being present at the burial are all great, rewarding acts; they reflect a Mumin’s respect and affection for his departed brother. In fact, in Tanbih al-Gaafeleen, Syedna Hatim bin Ibrahim RA states:
Know, that a Mumin is obligated to honor certain rights of another Mumin: rights, the fulfilment of which, he cannot be excused of. They are that he should: always continue giving him advice, answer his call, discourage his backbiting, forgive his mistakes, accept his excuses, honour his agreements, visit him when ill, and follow or escort his janazah [after his death].
Here, Syedna Hatim RA clearly states that a Mumin cannot be excused from honouring these rights of a fellow Mumin, no matter the reason.
The importance and obligatory nature of the janazah namaz is further highlighted by Syedna Badrul Jamali RA in his kitaab, Majaalis Mustansiriyyah. He provides a list of the seven obligatory (faridat) and 12 non-obligatory or customary prayers (sunnat). The seven obligatory prayers are as follows:
- Namaz at one’s place of domicile (home). They are 17 raka’ats in each night and day.
- Namaz during travels (safr). They are 11 raka’ats in each night and day.
- Juma’a namaz [during the period of zuhoor]. It does not take place unless there are four people with the imam.
- Namaz of Khowf (prayed during battle). A portion of this namaz is prayed behind the imam and a portion is prayed on one’s own.
- The namaz of an obligatory Hajj.
- The namaz of an obligatory Umrah.
- Namaz upon a janazah. It is obligated upon everyone who comes to know about it from among Muslimeen until one among them leads prayer and the rest follow him.
If shari’at has obligated attendance of the janazah namaz of a Mumin, and has considered it among a Mumin’s right, what is there to be said of the importance of the namaz of the Dai’s janazah? Further, what can be said of a man who claims to be the Dai’s mansoos, but fails to attend his janazah, providing excuses for what Syedna Hatim RA has said is inexcusable? It is an esteemed tradition that every mansoos leads his predecessor’s janazah namaz.
Amirul Mumineen SA describes one who comes across a janazah and fails to recite salaam upon it and assist in carrying it (let alone someone who purposefully abandons it) as an ‘aajiz: one who is weak and helpless. Situations might arise where every Mumin in a city cannot attend every departed Mumin’s janazah, but his bond of emaan, love and respect for his fellow Mumin make up for any lack of attendance in such a case. Fard al-Kifayah, or the provision that the faridat of attending the janazah is upheld by all Mumineen when a few do it on their behalf applies to these situations. However, when a Dai’s janazah procession takes place in his city, a Mumin who loves his Dai and Moula, would not be found anywhere else but at his Moula’s side. No excuse or situation would stop him from doing so.